Sander Tordoir is senior economist at the Centre for European Reform. Sander works on eurozone monetary and fiscal policy, the institutional architecture of EMU, European integration as well as Germany’s role in the EU. Prior to joining the CER, Sander worked as an advisor to the ECB Representative at the International Monetary Fund, covering the IMF’s surveillance of euro area policies and sovereign debt issues. Before his posting in Washington, he was an economist in the ECB’s EU Institutions and Fora Division, where he focused on the EU’s policy response to the Covid-19 pandemic, economic and fiscal governance, Banking Union, ESM reform and the ECB’s relations with other EU institutions. Sander was also a seconded expert to the German Federal Finance Ministry and a consultant at the World Bank. His policy research has been cited in media outlets such as the Financial Times, The Economist, and The New Statesman. Sander studied at Amsterdam University College and Columbia University, where he was a Fulbright scholar.